The perihelion of Mercury advance and the light bending calculated in (enhanced) Newton's theory

Publicerad 2014 av Marek A Abramowicz (född 1945)

Space Curvature Perihelion Advance Fysik Physical Sciences Newton's Gravity
Författare:
Typ av publikation: Artiklar
Typ av innehåll: Refereegranskad publ.

ISBN:N/A
Ingår i:
General Relativity and Gravitation

Published by: Göteborgs universitet, ISSN:00017701,

Abstract

We show that results of a simple dynamical gedanken experiment interpreted according to standard Newton's gravitational theory, may reveal that threedimensional space is curved. The experiment may be used to reconstruct the curved geometry of space, i.e. its non-Euclidean metric 3gik. The perihelion of Mercury advance and the light bending calculated from the Poisson equation 3gik∇i∇kΦ = -4πGρ and the equation of motion Fi = mai in the curved geometry 3gik have the correct (observed) values.

Independently, we also show that Newtonian gravity theory may be enhanced to incorporate the curvature of three dimensional space by adding an extra equation which links the Ricci scalar 3R with the density of matter ρ. Like in Einstein's general relativity, matter is the source of curvature. In the spherically symmetric (vacuum) case, the metric of space 3gik that follows from this extra equation agrees, to the expected accuracy, with the metric measured by the Newtonian gedanken experiment mentioned above.

© 2013 The Author(s).