Sök uppsatser och vetenskapliga publikationer

(0.008 sekunder)

Stockholms universitet Övrigt
9789144092379 / Link / Björklund , Anders / 2014

Stockholms universitet Övrigt
N/A / Link / Lindberg-Wada , Gunilla / 2014

978-91-89076-88-4 / Link / Öman , Sören / 2014

978-91-7247-376-8 / Link / Preste , Tania Maria / 2014

Stockholms universitet Övrigt
9780230369610 / Link / Montanari , Inga-Lill / 2013

Stockholms universitet Övrigt
N/A / Link / McNeil , Peter / 2015

Stockholms universitet Övrigt
1-903292-05-0 / Link / Parkvall , Mikael / 2000

Södertörns högskola Samhällsvetenskap
N/A / Link / Olofsson , Kerstin / 2008

N/A / Link / Kristensen , Lars Lyngsgaard Fjord / 2008

Until the late 1980s there was little non-marital cohabitation in Romania. After the fall of state socialism, the overall fraction in consensual unions grew steadily, and by 2005 it had reached some 10%. This development had consequences for the patterns of childbearing. The present paper presents selected features of fertility in consensual and marital unions in Romania over the period 1985-2005 based on the data from the national Generations and Gender Survey conducted in Romania in 2005. To this end we use underlying fertility rates specified by union duration and utilize a metric based on an aggregation of such rates over all durations, irrespective of parity. We also highlight groups of women who have been particularly prone to have children outside marriage, namely women with a low educational attainment and women of a rural origin. Women in consensual unions in these two groups were strongly affected by the dramatic changes in family policies around 1990, and their aggregate fertility in cohabitational unions in subsequent years is similar to that of marital unions. For the fertility of partnered women in the two groups, it does not seem to matter much whether they are married or not.
N/A / Link / Hoem , Jan M. / 2013

Stockholms universitet Övrigt
N/A / Link / Malmberg , Hannes / 2014

Svenskt teckenspråk är sedan 1981 erkänt som språk i Sverige och omfattas även sedan 2009 av den svenska språklagen. Man uppskattar att det finns ca 10 000 teckenspråkiga döva och gravt hörselskadade i Sverige. Till det tillkommer cirka 80 000-100 000 hörande teckenspråkiga. Riksdagens erkännande av döva som tvåspråkiga 1981 har bidragit till att döva haft tillgång till tvåspråkig undervisning – med teckenspråk som L1 och svenska som L2 – i skolan under 3 decennier. I internationell kontext betraktas den svenska situationen som unik. Tack vare teckenspråkets ställning i Sverige lär sig många hörande teckenspråk som andraspråk framförallt det döva barnets familj men också andra hörande som lär språket av yrkesmässiga skäl, t.ex. för att bli teckenspråkstolkar eller lärare. Forskningen om inlärning av teckenspråk som andraspråk hos hörande är dock i stort sett obefintlig, trots relativt lång undervisningstradition av teckenspråk till hörande. Samtidigt växer det upp en ny generation av döva och hörselskadade som får ett cochlea implantat – ett avancerat hörselhjälpmedel som opereras in i hörselsnäckan – vid tidig ålder. Graden av funktionell hörsel och talutvecklingen hos dessa varierar dock. Som en konsekvens av detta antas gruppen med teckenspråk som L1 ha minskat. Istället antas att antalet som tillägnar sig teckenspråk som L2 växa. I min presentation kommer jag att redogöra för området och beskriva forskningsbehoven kring teckenspråk som L2 för både den hörande och döva/hörselskadade gruppen. Frågan är intressant utifrån ett språkinlärningsperspektiv, inte minst för att det handlar om två språk med skilda modaliteter.
N/A / Link / Schönström , Krister / 2013

Stockholms universitet Övrigt
The paper discusses whether the color terms should be given an externalist semantics. In the literature on the semantics of color terms externalism is standardly taken for granted, and Twin Earth style arguments play a central role. This is notable given that few people would claim that semantic externalism applies across the board, to all types of terms.  Why, then, should the color terms belong with this group of terms? I argue that the standard externalist strategies, introduced by Tyler Burge and Hilary Putnam, do not apply to these terms: The color terms do not function like natural kind terms, and the idea of semantic reliance on others does not apply to them. I conclude that the externalist arguments fail and that a version of internalism, more properly called ‘individualism’, applies to the color terms. 
N/A / Link / Wikforss , Åsa / 2012

This talk presents results from a study (Schönström, 2010) that concerns the bilingual development of Swedish school-aged deaf children in Swedish Sign Language (SSL) and written Swedish. More precisely, the development of Swedish as an L2 in school-aged deaf children is investigated as well as the interdependence between Swedish (L2) and SSL (L1) proficiencies. The study is cross-sectional and contains data from up to 38 informants. All informants are from a school for the deaf and hearing-impaired (grades 5 and 10). Data is based on 1) retellings in written Swedish, and 2) videotaped free stories in SSL. For the analysis of the written Swedish data, Processability Theory (PT) (Pienemann, 1998) was applied as theory and method. As PT has never before been applied to deaf L2 learners, this presents us with the important issue of whether it is possible to apply this theory to deaf L2 learners. For the analysis of the interdependence between Swedish and SSL, narrative skills of SSL texts were compared with the PT skills of Swedish texts. The results from the Swedish part of the study show that there is an implicational order in the informants’ development of Swedish following the predicted grammatical learning order as described by PT. It therefore suggests that PT is applicable also to deaf L2 learners of Swedish. Regarding the analysis of interdependence between the two languages, among other things, it shows that analyzing SSL skills is not always unproblematic. Despite this, the results show that there is a correlation between the proficiency in SSL and Swedish in the deaf learners, supporting earlier findings in the area (Strong & Prinz, 2000, Chamberlain & Mayberry, 2008). 
N/A / Link / Schönström , Krister / 2011

To explore the processes underlying early sound-meaning connections an artificial language was created and used in a series of infant speech perception studies. The subjects were tested using the Visual Preference Procedure. The subjects’ responses were quantified in terms of looking times towards objects shown during the audio-visual exposure. Exposure to speech materials with large variance seemed to curtail the subjects’ ability to establish stable sound-meaning connections. However, reducing the linguistic variance led to successful sound-meaning connections. These results indicate that linguistic variance is one of the primary determinants of sound-meaning connections for 1-year old subjects. The paper will discuss how structural differences in natural language settings may account for the infant’s performance on word learning.
1-876346-49-3 / Link / Koponen , Eeva / 2003

This thesis explores the role of age in second language (L2) acquisition and first language (L1) attrition. The focus is on Voice Onset Time (VOT) in the production and categorical perception of word-initial L1 and L2 stops in highly advanced L1 Spanish learners of L2 Swedish. Using as the point of departure a maturational constraints perspective and the Critical Period Hypothesis (CPH), Study I examines the impact of age of onset (AO) of L2 acquisition on the production of L2 Swedish voiceless stops. The results show that there are AO effects even in the speech of highly advanced L2 learners and that the incidence of nativelike L2 learners is considerably lower than earlier assumed. However, conclusions like these are only possible when speaking rate is accounted for, thereby highlighting the importance of speaking rate effects on VOT as a measure of nativelikeness. Like Study I, Study II reveals age effects on the same L2 learners’ categorical perceptions of L2 Swedish stops. Moreover, after combining the results with the data from Study I, the incidence of nativelike behavior drops remarkably with no late L2 learner performing within the range of native-speaker production and perception. The results suggest that L2 acquisition of phonetic/phonological aspects is especially sensitive to AO effects. It is concluded that theories on maturational constraints, including the CPH, cannot be refuted on the basis of the present data. Study III concerns the same participants’ production and perception of L1 Spanish stops. Age of reduced contact (ARC) is identified as an important predictor for L1 attrition and retention of voiceless stop production, although not of stop perception. This discrepancy is related to different activation thresholds as proposed by the Activation Threshold Hypothesis (ATH). It is further suggested that early bilinguals are more dependent on high-frequency L1 use than late bilinguals when compensating for age effects, but only in production.
978-91-7447-793-1 / Link / Stölten , Katrin / 2013

Stockholms universitet Lingvistikämnen
N/A / Link / Wallin , Lars / 2009

Sign language resources are necessary tools for adequately serving the needs of learners, teachers and researchers of signed languages. Among these resources, the Swedish Sign Language Dictionary was begun in 2008 and has been in development ever since. Today, it has approximately 8,000 sign entries. The Swedish Sign Language Corpus is also an important resource, but it is of a very different kind than the dictionary. Compiled during the years 2009–2011, the corpus consists of video recorded conversations among 42 informants aged between 20 and 82, from three separate regions in Sweden. With 14 % of the corpus having been annotated with glosses for signs, it comprises total of approximately 3,600 different signs occurring about 25,500 times (tokens) in the 42 annotated sign language discourses/video files. As these two resources sprang from different starting points, they are independent from each other; however, in the late phases of building the corpus the importance of combining work from the two became evident. This presentation will show the development of these two resources and the advantages of combining them. 
N/A / Link / Mesch , Johanna / 2012

N/A / Link / Bodin , Helena / 2014

Stockholms universitet Övrigt
978-91-976008-5-9 / Link / Bodin , Helena / 2014

978-91-7447-784-9 / Link / Simper-Allen , Pia / 2013

This study investigates combined clause constructions for ten distinct semantic relations in a cross-section of Austronesian languages. The relations are of a temporal or co-varying nature, the former commonly expressed in English by such markers as when, then, until, etc. and the latter by if, so, because, etc. The research falls into three main sections.First, the study provides an overview of the semantic domain covered by the relevant relations in the Austronesian languages. Several subdistinctions are found to be made within the relations investigated. The study also explores polysemic relation markers, and a number of patterns are identified. The most common pattern is the overlap between open conditional and non-past co-occurrence relations, for which many Austronesian languages employ the same relation marker.Second, the study develops a morpho-syntactic typology of Austronesian clause combining based on three parameters related to features common to clause combining constructions. The typology divides the constructions into five different types that are ranked with regard to structural tightness. Some additional constructions, cutting across several types, are also discussed; in particular, asymmetric coordination, which involves the use of a coordinator to connect a fronted topicalized adverbial clause to the rest of the sentence.Finally, the study explores the distributional patterns of the morpho-syntactic types across the semantic relations, as well as across three geographical areas in the Austronesian region. In the former case, a clear correlation is found between posteriority and result relations on the one hand and looser structural types on the other. The distribution of types across the Austronesian region reveals few differences between the areas, although two tendencies could be detected: the Oceanic languages tend to employ slightly looser morpho-syntax, while the Formosan and Philippine languages employ slightly tighter morpho-syntax.
978-91-7447-488-6 / Link / Jonsson , Niklas / 2012

Stockholms universitet Övrigt
N/A / Link / Dahl , Östen / 2008

N/A / Link / Sinander , Erik / 2013

Stockholms universitet Övrigt
Mellan 1985 och 1986 sändes i Sveriges Radio P1 programmet Datorernas Värld. Programmet var unikt i en svensk kontext då det utgjorde ett tidigt försök till publik trådlös fildelning. Datorernas Värld sände under nattetid ut datorprogram (kod) i ljudform. Dessa ljud kunde sedan spelas in på kassett. Kassetten var vid den här tiden ett vanligt lagringsmedium för hemdatorer och på så sätt kunde de inspelade radiosändningarna användas i datorernas bandstationer. Det är många aspekter av detta kortvariga fenomen som är intressanta. Som redan nämnts så är ansatsen att bedriva publik trådlös fildelning (i potentiellt stor skala) fascinerande i sig. Vidare är ljudkassettens roll i den tidiga delningen av kod intressant. I och med att datorkod kunde representeras som ljud blev kassetten för första gången i någon mening multimedial (när koden exekverades av datorn kunde den aktualisera inte bara ljud och musik utan också animationer, grafik och ’interaktionslogik’).Som praktik betraktat finns också intressanta aspekter som kan sägas grundas i kassettens materiella begränsningar (och dess samspel med radion som medium). Till exempel så fanns många problem rörande behovet av perfekta inspelningar (med rätt inspelningsvolym, utan avbrott, med rätt vinkel på in/avspelningshuvudet). Kassetten kommer dock, trots dessa svårigheter, att under 1980-talet att användas i ett flertal samspel med andra medier och utgöra en central, men outforskad del av fildelning och fildelningskulturers framväxt. Det blir därmed intressant att fråga sig: vilka samspel ingick kassetten och hemdatorn i och vilken betydelse hade dessa för fildelningens framväxt i Sverige? I detta kapitel kommer vi börja besvara den frågan genom att fokusera på just radioprogrammet Datorernas värld och dess uppbyggnad, innehåll och ambition. Utifrån denna analys kommer kapitlet sedan dra upp riktlinjer för ett större forskningsområde kring intermedialitet och tidig fildelning.
9789198196122 / Link / Skågeby , Jörgen / 2014

978-91-554-8915-1 / Link / Bodin , Helena / 2014

Stockholms universitet Övrigt
We present an algorithm for imputation of incomplete datasets based on Bayesian exchangeability through Pólya sampling. Each (donee) unit with a missing value is imputed multiple times by observed (real) values on units from a donor pool. The donor pools are constructed using auxiliary variables. Several features from kernel estimation are used to counteract unbalances that are due to sparse and bounded data. Three balancing features can be used with only one single continuous auxiliary variable, but an additional fourth feature need, multiple continuous auxiliary variables. They mainly contribute by reducing nonresponse bias. We examine how the donor pool size should be determined, that is the number of potential donors within the pool. External information is shown to be easily incorporated in the imputation algorithm. Our simulation studies show that with a study variable which can be seen as a function of one or two continuous auxiliaries plus residual noise, the method performs as well or almost as well as competing methods when the function is linear, but usually much better when the function is nonlinear.
978-91-7447-699-6 / Link / Pettersson , Nicklas / 2013

Stockholms universitet Fonetik
In response to our incomplete understanding of how the 3-D geometry of the lips should be modeled in 2-D area functions, we present some measurements made on simplified physical models of the vocal tract. Our main result is that it is possible to match the formant pattern of a notched tube with that of an unnotched tube provided that an increment is added to the length of the unnotched tube. This increment was found to vary systematically with the depth of the notch and, to some extent, also with the size of the tube’s cross-sectional area. We expect these results to be relevant to representing articulations with the mouth corner posterior to the midsagittal anteriormost point of the vocal tract - as in spread vowels, especially when emphatically and emotionally spoken.
N/A / Link / Lindblom , Björn / 2007

Stockholms universitet Övrigt
This dissertation examines genericity from a textual perspective. The material consists of popular science texts about species of animals. The investigation concerns both the distribution of different forms of generic noun phrases and the boundary between generic and non-generic noun phrases. The analytical tools are taken from Accessibility Theory and Blending Theory.Two separate studies have been undertaken. The results of the first study indicate that generic reference on the whole follows the same principles of accessibility as non-generic reference, although there are some differences that can be attributed to the distinction between generic and non-generic reference. Some results suggest that our mental representations of generic referents are generally less accessible than those of non-generic referents. Factors other than accessibility influencing the choice of generic noun phrases are also identified.While genericity is generally treated as an all-or-nothing phenomenon, an important experience of this first study concerns the difficulties facing anyone who tries to distinguish between generic and non-generic noun phrases in authentic texts. These difficulties are the centre of attention in the second study, which shows that genericity is an extremely context-dependent phenomenon. The sentence context may clearly indicate a particular, non-generic reference, while the wider context of the text reveals that the noun phrase in question is in fact generic. Not infrequently, chains of reference involve a great deal of shifting and slithering between a generic and a non-generic meaning, although the references are seemingly coreferential. It is sometimes difficult to decide on the real referents intended. At times there are also clear cases where the noun phrase must be analysed as referring to both generic and non-generic entities at the same time. This implies that it is unlikely that we actually decide for every reference if it is generic or non-generic.
978-91-87235-07-8 / Link / Carlsson , Yvonne / 2012